10 Things To Do If Your Laptop Won’t Turn On

Do If Your Laptop Won’t Turn On

So, your laptop decided to take a nap and refuses to wake up? We’ve all been there, and it can be frustrating. Whether it’s a minor glitch or a more serious issue, getting your laptop back up and running is crucial. In this guide, we’ll walk you through ten things to do if your laptop won’t turn on. Let’s dive in and troubleshoot this together.

Here Are The Top Things Need To Check When Your Laptop Won’t Turn On:

1. Check the Power Supply

First things first, let’s make sure your laptop is getting power. This might seem obvious, but you’d be surprised how often this simple check is overlooked.

Ensure the laptop is plugged in:

Verify that your laptop is securely connected to the power adapter. Double-check that the power adapter is plugged into a working electrical outlet.

Verify the functionality of the power outlet:

Try plugging another device into the same outlet to ensure it’s providing power. Sometimes, the problem lies with the outlet itself.

2. Inspect the Power Cable and Adapter

Next up, let’s inspect the power cable and adapter for any signs of trouble.

Look for visible damage:

Examine the power cord and adapter for any visible signs of wear and tear, such as frayed wires or bent plugs.

Test with a different adapter if possible:

If you have access to another compatible power adapter, try using it to see if your laptop powers on. This can help determine if the issue lies with the adapter.

3. Remove External Devices

Sometimes, external devices can interfere with your laptop’s ability to boot up.

Disconnect USB devices, SD cards, etc.:

Unplug all external devices, including USB drives, SD cards, printers, and other peripherals.

Try booting up without peripherals:

Once all external devices are disconnected, try turning on your laptop again. If it starts, one of the peripherals might be causing the issue.

4. Perform a Hard Reset

A hard reset can often resolve startup issues by clearing any residual power from your laptop’s components.

  • Steps to perform a hard reset:
    1. Turn off your laptop.
    2. Disconnect the power adapter and remove the battery (if removable).
    3. Press and hold the power button for 15-20 seconds.
    4. Reconnect the power adapter (without the battery) and try turning on your laptop.
  • Importance of discharging residual power: This process helps to clear any residual electrical charge that may be causing the issue.

5. Check for Battery Issues

Battery problems can also prevent your laptop from turning on.

Remove and reinsert the battery:

If your laptop has a removable battery, take it out and then reinsert it after a few seconds.

Test the laptop with the battery removed:

Try powering on your laptop with just the power adapter connected, without the battery. This can help determine if the battery is the culprit.

6. Examine the Display

Sometimes, your laptop might be on, but the display isn’t working properly.

Ensure the screen brightness is up:

Make sure the brightness isn’t turned down.

Check for signs of life with an external monitor:

Connect your laptop to an external monitor to see if anything is displayed. This can help determine if the issue is with the laptop’s screen.

7. Listen for Noises

Paying attention to the sounds your laptop makes can provide valuable clues.

Identify beeps or fan noises:

When you try to turn on your laptop, listen for any beeps or fan noises. These sounds can be diagnostic indicators.

Interpret diagnostic sounds:

Different beep patterns can indicate specific hardware issues. Refer to your laptop’s manual or the manufacturer’s website for more information on what these sounds mean.

8. Reseat the RAM

Loose or faulty RAM can prevent your laptop from booting up.

Steps to safely remove and reinsert RAM:

  • Turn off your laptop and disconnect the power.
  • Open the back panel to access the RAM slots.
  • Carefully remove the RAM modules and then reinsert them securely.

Impact of loose RAM on startup:

Ensuring the RAM is properly seated can resolve many startup issues.

9.  Check the Hard Drive

A loose or failing hard drive can also cause startup problems.

Ensure the hard drive is securely connected:

If you’re comfortable opening your laptop, check that the hard drive is properly connected to its port.

Signs of a failing hard drive:

If your laptop still doesn’t turn on, listen for clicking noises or other unusual sounds from the hard drive area, which could indicate a failure.

10. Use a Bootable USB Drive

If your laptop’s operating system is corrupted, a bootable USB drive can help you access your system.

Steps to create and use a bootable USB:

  • On a different computer, create a bootable USB drive with the appropriate operating system.
  • Insert the bootable USB into your laptop.
  • Turn on your laptop and access the BIOS/UEFI settings to change the boot order, prioritizing the USB drive.
  • Restart your laptop and boot from the USB drive.

When to use this method:

Use this approach if you suspect your operating system is corrupted or if you need to recover data.

11. Reset the BIOS

Incorrect BIOS settings can prevent your laptop from starting.

Accessing and resetting BIOS settings:

  • Turn on your laptop and immediately start pressing the designated key (usually F2, F10, or Delete) to enter the BIOS setup.
  • Navigate to the “Reset to Default” or “Load Default Settings” option and confirm the reset.

Potential issues with incorrect BIOS settings:

Resetting the BIOS can resolve issues caused by incorrect configurations.

12. Check for Overheating

Overheating can cause your laptop to shut down and prevent it from turning on.

Signs of overheating:

Feel around the laptop for excessive heat and listen for the fan’s operation. If the laptop feels very hot, it might have overheated.

Cleaning the laptop’s ventilation:

Ensure that the vents are not blocked. Use compressed air to clean out dust and debris from the fans and vents.

Seek Professional Help

If you’ve tried all the above steps and your laptop still won’t turn on, it might be time to consult a Professional Services.

When to consult a technician:

If you’re not comfortable performing hardware checks or if the issue persists after all troubleshooting steps.

Preparing for a service visit:

Make a note of any symptoms or error messages, and back up your data if possible.


There you have it—ten things to do if your laptop won’t turn on. By systematically going through these steps, you can often identify and resolve the issue yourself. Remember, the key is to be methodical and patient. If all else fails, professional services help is always available to get your laptop back in working order.


Why does my laptop not turn on even when plugged in?

This could be due to a faulty power adapter, battery issues, or internal hardware problems. Ensure the power outlet works and check the power adapter and cable for damage.

Can a dead battery prevent a laptop from turning on?

Yes, a completely dead or malfunctioning battery can prevent your laptop from turning on. Try removing the battery and using the laptop with just the power adapter.

Why is my laptop overheating and not turning on?

Overheating can be caused by dust buildup, blocked vents, or a malfunctioning cooling fan. Clean the vents with compressed air and ensure proper airflow. If the problem persists, there might be a more serious hardware issue.

How can I tell if my hard drive is failing?

Signs of a failing hard drive include clicking noises, frequent crashes, and the inability to boot the operating system. If you suspect a failing hard drive, back up your data immediately and consider replacing the drive.